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The closing of the American mind : how higher education has failed democracy and impoverished the souls of today's students

Author: Allan Bloom; Saul Bellow; Simon and Schuster, Inc.,
Publisher: New York : Simon and Schuster, [1987] ©1987
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
In this book, the author (a distinguished political philosopher) argues that the social/political crisis of 20th-century America is really an intellectual crisis marked by obvious declines in appreciation of humanities, a drop in the qualitative output of our university systems, and a disquieting disconnect between today's students and the spiritual and cultural traditions of their heritage.
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Allan Bloom; Saul Bellow; Simon and Schuster, Inc.,
ISBN: 0671479903 9780671479909 0671657151 9780671657154
OCLC Number: 14239839
Notes: Includes index.
Description: 392 pages ; 25 cm
Contents: Foreword / Saul Bellow --
Introduction: our virtue --
Pt. 1: Students --
The clean slate --
Books --
Music --
Relationships. Self-centeredness ; Equality ; Race ; Sex ; Separateness ; Divorce ; Love ; Eros --
Pt. 2: Nihilism, American style --
The German connection --
Two revolutions and two states of nature --
The self --
Creativity --
Culture --
Values --
The Nietzscheanization of the left or vice versa --
Our ignorance --
Pt. 3: The university --
From Socrates' Apology to Heidegger's Rektoratsrede. Tocqueville on democratic intellectual life ; The relation between thought and civil society ; The philosophic experience ; The enlightenment transformation ; Swift's doubts ; Rousseau's radicalization and the German university --
The Sixties --
The student and the university. Liberal education ; The decomposition of the university ; The disciplines ; Conclusion.
Other Titles: How higher education has failed democracy and impoverished the souls of today's students
Responsibility: Allan Bloom.

Abstract:

In this widely acclaimed number-one national bestseller, one of America's most distinguished political philosophers argues that the social/political crisis of 20th-century America is really an  Read more...

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"The New York Times"Remarkable....hits with the approximate force and effect of electroshock therapy. S. Frederick Starr"The Washington Post Book World"Rich and absorbing....A grand tour of the Read more...

 
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Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
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# Enseignement sup\u00E9rieur--\u00C9tats-Unis--20e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/educacion_superior_aspectos_politicos_estados_unidos<\/a>> ; # Educaci\u00F3n superior--Aspectos pol\u00EDticos--Estados Unidos<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/enseignement_superieur_etats_unis_philosophie<\/a>> ; # Enseignement sup\u00E9rieur--\u00C9tats-Unis--Philosophie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/educacion_humanistica_estados_unidos<\/a>> ; # Educaci\u00F3n human\u00EDstica--Estados Unidos<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/intellectual_life<\/a>> ; # Intellectual life<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Place\/etats_unis<\/a>> ; # \u00C9tats-Unis<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education_higher_philosophy_united_states<\/a>> ; # Education, Higher--Philosophy--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education_higher_philosophy<\/a>> ; # Education, Higher--Philosophy<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education<\/a>> ; # Education<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education_humanistic_united_states<\/a>> ; # Education, Humanistic--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/united_states_intellectual_life_20th_century<\/a>> ; # United States--Intellectual life--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/higher_education<\/a>> ; # Higher education<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Place\/estados_unidos<\/a>> ; # Estados Unidos<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education_higher_political_aspects<\/a>> ; # Education, Higher--Political aspects<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008102672<\/a>> ; # Education, Humanistic--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Event\/1900_1999<\/a>> ; # 1900-1999<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/civilisation_1950<\/a>> ; # Civilisation--1950-<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/educacion_superior_estados_unidos_filosofia<\/a>> ; # Educaci\u00F3n superior--Estados Unidos--Filosof\u00EDa<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education_humanistic<\/a>> ; # Education, Humanistic<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008102758<\/a>> ; # Education, Higher--Political aspects--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/378.0120973\/e20\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education_higher_political_aspects_united_states<\/a>> ; # Education, Higher--Political aspects--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008118936<\/a>> ; # Education, Higher--United States--Philosophy<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:alternateName<\/a> \"How higher education has failed democracy and impoverished the souls of today\'s students<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:author<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/80888153<\/a>> ; # Allan Bloom<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> bgn:PrintBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:contributor<\/a> <http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/27060791<\/a>> ; # Saul Bellow<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:copyrightYear<\/a> \"1987<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"1987<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"In this book, the author (a distinguished political philosopher) argues that the social\/political crisis of 20th-century America is really an intellectual crisis marked by obvious declines in appreciation of humanities, a drop in the qualitative output of our university systems, and a disquieting disconnect between today\'s students and the spiritual and cultural traditions of their heritage.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Foreword \/ Saul Bellow -- Introduction: our virtue -- Pt. 1: Students -- The clean slate -- Books -- Music -- Relationships. Self-centeredness ; Equality ; Race ; Sex ; Separateness ; Divorce ; Love ; Eros -- Pt. 2: Nihilism, American style -- The German connection -- Two revolutions and two states of nature -- The self -- Creativity -- Culture -- Values -- The Nietzscheanization of the left or vice versa -- Our ignorance -- Pt. 3: The university -- From Socrates\' Apology to Heidegger\'s Rektoratsrede. Tocqueville on democratic intellectual life ; The relation between thought and civil society ; The philosophic experience ; The enlightenment transformation ; Swift\'s doubts ; Rousseau\'s radicalization and the German university -- The Sixties -- The student and the university. Liberal education ; The decomposition of the university ; The disciplines ; Conclusion.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/48553606<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"The closing of the American mind : how higher education has failed democracy and impoverished the souls of today\'s students<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"14239839<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Organization\/simon_and_schuster_inc<\/a>> ; # Simon and Schuster, Inc.,<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/www.gbv.de\/dms\/bowker\/toc\/9780671479909.pdf<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780671657154<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780671479909<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/14239839<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

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<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Event\/1900_1999<\/a>> # 1900-1999<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"1900-1999<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
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<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/educacion_superior_aspectos_politicos_estados_unidos<\/a>> # Educaci\u00F3n superior--Aspectos pol\u00EDticos--Estados Unidos<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Educaci\u00F3n superior--Aspectos pol\u00EDticos--Estados Unidos<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/educacion_superior_estados_unidos_filosofia<\/a>> # Educaci\u00F3n superior--Estados Unidos--Filosof\u00EDa<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Educaci\u00F3n superior--Estados Unidos--Filosof\u00EDa<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education<\/a>> # Education<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Education<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education_higher_philosophy<\/a>> # Education, Higher--Philosophy<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Education, Higher--Philosophy<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education_higher_philosophy_united_states<\/a>> # Education, Higher--Philosophy--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Education, Higher--Philosophy--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education_higher_political_aspects<\/a>> # Education, Higher--Political aspects<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Education, Higher--Political aspects<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education_higher_political_aspects_united_states<\/a>> # Education, Higher--Political aspects--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Education, Higher--Political aspects--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education_higher_united_states<\/a>> # Education, Higher--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Education, Higher--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education_humanistic<\/a>> # Education, Humanistic<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Education, Humanistic<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/education_humanistic_united_states<\/a>> # Education, Humanistic--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Education, Humanistic--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/enseignement_superieur_etats_unis_20e_siecle<\/a>> # Enseignement sup\u00E9rieur--\u00C9tats-Unis--20e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Enseignement sup\u00E9rieur--\u00C9tats-Unis--20e si\u00E8cle<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/enseignement_superieur_etats_unis_philosophie<\/a>> # Enseignement sup\u00E9rieur--\u00C9tats-Unis--Philosophie<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Enseignement sup\u00E9rieur--\u00C9tats-Unis--Philosophie<\/span>\"@fr<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/ensino_superior<\/a>> # Ensino Superior<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Ensino Superior<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/higher_education<\/a>> # Higher education<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Higher education<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/intellectual_life<\/a>> # Intellectual life<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Intellectual life<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/48553606#Topic\/united_states_intellectual_life_20th_century<\/a>> # United States--Intellectual life--20th century<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"United States--Intellectual life--20th century<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008102672<\/a>> # Education, Humanistic--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Education, Humanistic--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008102758<\/a>> # Education, Higher--Political aspects--United States<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Education, Higher--Political aspects--United States<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh2008118936<\/a>> # Education, Higher--United States--Philosophy<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Education, Higher--United States--Philosophy<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/id.loc.gov\/vocabulary\/countries\/nyu<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\ndcterms:identifier<\/a> \"nyu<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/27060791<\/a>> # Saul Bellow<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Bellow<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Saul<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Saul Bellow<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/viaf.org\/viaf\/80888153<\/a>> # Allan Bloom<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:birthDate<\/a> \"1930<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:deathDate<\/a> \"1992,<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Bloom<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Allan<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Allan Bloom<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780671479909<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0671479903<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780671479909<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9780671657154<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"0671657151<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9780671657154<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/14239839<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/14239839<\/a>> ; # The closing of the American mind : how higher education has failed democracy and impoverished the souls of today\'s students<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2020-09-12<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n